What is students according to authors? Since we published a post on the definition of school according to philosophers, many scholars began to ask us through email to know what are the views of well-known philosophers on who a true student is. Philosophers have always tried to figure out what education is for and what students’ roles are in the process. In this blog post, we will explore how different philosophers have defined students and their role in education.
Plato: The Ideal Student
Plato believed that the ideal student was one who was both intelligent and virtuous. In his view, education was not just about imparting knowledge but also about shaping the character of the student. Plato thought that the best student was one who was willing to learn, interested in learning, and eager to know more. However, they also needed to be virtuous and have a sense of justice, self-control, and courage.
How did Plato define intellectual virtues?
Plato said that intellectual virtues are things like being able to think rationally, logically, and abstractly. He thought that these traits were important for understanding the world and learning new things.
Why did Plato believe that education should focus on developing virtues?
Plato thought that education should focus on developing virtues because he thought that virtues were necessary for people to live good lives and help society. He thinks that education should be about more than just learning facts. It should also help people grow as people.
Aristotle: The Rational Student
Aristotle believed that education should focus on developing the rational faculties of the student. He thought that students should learn to argue in a logical way, think critically, and debate ideas in a very serious way. Aristotle thought that the student should be an active part of the learning process, not just a passive receiver of knowledge. He talked about how important it was to learn by doing, and he thought that students should be encouraged to find out more about the world around them.
How did Aristotle define rational faculties?
Aristotle said that rational faculties are the ability to think logically, think about things in an abstract way, and think critically. He thought that these skills had to be developed in order to learn and understand the world around us.
Why did Aristotle believe that education should focus on developing the rational faculties of the student?
Aristotle thought that education should focus on helping students develop their rational faculties because he thought that these faculties were necessary for learning and understanding the world around us. He thought that learning should be an active process in which students think critically, ask questions, and look into new ideas.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Natural Student
Rousseau thought that education should be natural and spontaneous and that students should be able to learn at their own pace. He thought that every student was naturally curious and that education should feed this curiosity. Rousseau thought that the best student was one who was free to learn about their world and develop their own interests and skills.
Why did Rousseau believe that education should be natural and spontaneous?
Rousseau thought that children were naturally curious and eager to learn, so he thought that education should be natural and happen on its own. He thought that education should help kids develop their natural curiosity and let them learn at their own pace.
How did Rousseau view the role of the teacher in education?
Rousseau viewed the role of the teacher as that of a facilitator, rather than an authority figure. He believed that teachers should encourage students to explore and discover their own interests and talents, rather than dictating what they should learn.
John Dewey: The Active Student
What is the meaning of “student” according to Dewey?
Dewey believed that education should be centered on the needs and interests of the student. He thought of the student as an active part of the learning process and thought that learning should be done by doing things. Dewey thought that the best student was one who was interested in learning, thought about what they were doing, and could use what they had learned in the real world.
Why did Dewey believe that education should be centered on the needs and interests of the student?
John Dewey thought that education should be based on the needs and interests of the student because he saw the student as an active participant in the learning process. Dewey thought that the purpose of education was to teach students how to be useful members of society. He thought that this could only be done by teaching them how to think critically and make good decisions.
Dewey thought that traditional education was a passive process that was all about the teacher giving the student knowledge. He thought this method didn’t work because it didn’t get the student involved in the learning process. Dewey argued that students should be actively involved in shaping their own education and that this could only be achieved by centering education on their needs and interests.
Dewey said that students should be involved in making their own education and that this could only happen if education was based on their needs and interests happen in the real world. He thought that this way of teaching would help students learn how to think critically and gain the practical skills they would need to be good members of society. Dewey thought that education could be a powerful tool for social change and progress if it was based on the needs and interests of the students.
Paulo Freire: The Critical Student
Freire thought that education should be freeing and change people’s lives. He also thought that students should be able to question and challenge the power structures that are already in place. He thought of the student as an active part of the learning process and thought that education should be a way to help students become more critical thinkers. The ideal student, according to Freire, was one who was able to critically analyze their own experiences and the world around them and who was willing to take action to effect social change.
What is the role of the student in critical pedagogy?
In critical pedagogy, the role of the student is to be an active participant in the learning process. The student is not seen as an empty vessel to be filled with knowledge but as an active agent who contributes to the creation of knowledge. Students are encouraged to think critically, question the dominant cultural narratives and structures, and engage with the world in a meaningful way.
What is the goal of education in critical pedagogy?
The goal of education in critical pedagogy is to empower students to become critical thinkers and agents of social change. Education is seen as a tool for liberation, and the aim is to help students understand the social, cultural, and economic structures that perpetuate inequality and oppression.
Different philosophers have had different views on the definition and role of students in education. Plato thought that character and virtue were important, while Aristotle thought that developing your rational faculties was more important. Rousseau thought that students were naturally curious, while Dewey thought that it was important to learn by doing. Finally, Freire saw education as a process of critical consciousness-raising and empowerment. In the end, these different points of view show how complicated and multifaceted education is and what students’ roles are within it.